Periodontal diseases, also known as gum disease.
The word “periodontal” literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal diseases are bacterial gum infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold your teeth in your mouth. Daily home oral care, including proper brushing and flossing, is necessary to prevent plaque build-up.
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Most people don’t experience pain with periodontal diseases. If you have any of the above symptoms, you should schedule an appointment for a complete evaluation.
Depending on how far the diseases have progressed, treatment can vary widely. If caught in the early stages, simple procedures are done that will remove the plaque and calculus from below the gumline
If these diseases have advanced to the point where the periodontal pockets are deep and the supporting bone is lost, further treatment might be necessary.